Check out this incredible image by Nick Thomas of the Academy of Historical Fencing!
Nick says of the image;
“I’d like to see these weapons seen more as the family they are, and so here is a composite image created entirely from contemporary artwork of the period.”
A Bayonet for the Jacobs Rifle
Jacob’s Rifle sword bayonet, 73.5cm double fullered blade, characteristic half basket hilt pierced with scroll work, two-piece chequered leather grips, contained in its steel mounted leather scabbard.
Sword Bayonet Made in Germany for the Brazilian Light Minie Rifle, c.1860s
This bayonet was made in Germany by Schnitzler & Kirschbaum (S&K) to fit a minie rifle that was being made in Liege for Brazil. They were redirected to the U.S. during the American Civil War. This bayonet could have been used in the U.S. or Brazil, and is often misidentified as a Sea Service Enfield. Brass grip, iron crossguard, steel blade.
A theory about the swords shown in the Angelo lessons poster, and Roworth manual. Check out this sword that was sold last year, attributed to the London and Westminster volunteers (who Roworth and Angelo are most certainly linked)
Notice that both the Angelo poster and first edition Roworth show what looks like a fairly short, straight, simple stirrup hilted sword, and also that on the Angelo lessons poster most of the troops are carrying carbines. Now go back to the sword I linked to. 30.5" blade, straight and stirrup hilted sword bayonet to be used with a carbine, and attributed to the same Volunteer unit.
Clearly the system is intended for all swords when on foot, but is this the sword (sword bayonet) that is being displayed? Lastly, if it is, are they referring to it as a broadsword? Which would be logical.
–Nick Thomas, Academy of Historical Fencing
British Pattern 1871 Elcho Bayonet
1871 pattern Elcho sawback bayonet by Kirschbaum Solingen for the Martini-Henry rifle – with diced grips, fullered sword back blade with swollen leaf-shaped point in original steel mounted leather scabbard with associated leather frog with strap and buckle to front and WD broad arrow marked to rear and other faint markings, the bayonet is unmarked apart from maker’s Knights helm mark. The Elcho bayonet was designed in 1870 by Lord Elcho The 10th Earl of Wemyss & March with a heavy blade for brush-cutting purposes. A small number were issued for trial purposes but was not wildly adopted due to its high cost of manufacture – it is one of the most sought-after of all British bayonets.
British Pattern 1859 Cutlass Bayonet with “Verney’s Catch”
Heavy steel bowl guard with fixing for the bayonet bar and slot for Verney’s scabbard catch. The grip is formed of two scales of pressed chequered leather secured by four pins. The blade is slightly curved and is unfullered. The tip is sharpened on both sides, the back being 12.5 in (318mm) long.
The lether scabbard has polished steel chape and scabbard mouth. Verney’s spring catch is fixed to the left side of the scabard. On the right side is the frog stud.
The catch design was proposed by Lieut. Verney, RN and approved for fitting in the List of Changes (para. 369) on 19 September 1861. This example is likely to be the sealed pattern version. The blade was made in Solingen and accepted as such, the likely maker was Weyersberg Bros.
Assorted British, German, and French bayonets from hogspear.com’s archives.
Bayonets Used as Swords or Daggers
A Rare 18-Bore Percussion D.B. Irish Constabularly Carbine and Sword Bayonet, by W. J. King of Birmingham, Mid-19th Century
With browned twist sighted barrels with bayonet-bar on the right side at the muzzles, long tang grooved for sighting, signed border engraved back-action locks, figured half-stock (some old bruising), regulation brass mounts including trigger-guard with scrolled spur, sling loops, and original steel ramrod; together with its brass-hilted bayonet with leaf-shaped blade of flattened diamond section cut with a central fuller over each side of the forte, hilt with cross-guard, and ribbed swelling grip incorporating a sprung catch, in its leather scabbard (some damage) with brass chape (probably an old replacement), frog button, and leather frog, Birmingham proof marks. 46.8 cm barrels and 43.5 cm blade.
Probably one of 250 ordered by the Inspector General of Constabulary in Ireland. See Howard C. Blackmore, British Military Firearms 1650-1850, 1961, pp. 205-206, pl. 68.