Category: native american

Sioux club, dated between 1880 and 1900.

Sioux club, dated between 1880 and 1900.

from The Detroit Institute of Arts

The Alaskan Tlingit and their Chinese coin arm…

The Alaskan Tlingit and their Chinese coin armor,

The Tlingit are a native people who inhabit the southeastern coast of Alaska and Canada in the Pacific Northwest. An ingenious an resourceful people, the Tlingit were expert weapon and armor makers crafting wooden helmets and suits of armor made from animal skins woven with wooden slats. Originally the Tlingit had relatively advanced metallurgical skills, working tools in copper and rudimentary iron working. After European contact they quickly learned more advanced metallurgical skills such as advanced iron working and steel-making. Along with the neighboring Haida, the Tlingit were noted for crafting high quality iron and steel daggers. They even made swords in excess of 20 inches in blade length, being one of the few Native American cultures with a sword making tradition.

In the 18th century the Russians set up the Pacific Maritime Trade, a trading network in which Russian merchants would acquire furs from the Pacific Northwest and trade them for goods in China, which in turn could be traded in Europe and elsewhere. The Tlingit became active participants in this commercial enterprise, trading furs with the Russians for Chinese goods such as porcelain, silk, and tea. One item that particularly piqued their interest were Chinese coins. Made of bronze the coins typically had a hole in them so that they could be carried on a string that was attached to a sash or belt, since purses and moneybags were never popular in Chinese fashion. For the Chinese and Russians the coins were a form of currency, but for the Tlingit the coins had a entirely different purpose altogether. The Tlingit began sewing the coins onto animal hide vests crafting intricate suits of scale armor. The armor offered excellent protection against arrows, blades, and blunt weapons, and may have offered some modest protection against early firearms. Often these suits of armor were imbued with special mystical and magical properties, giving Tlingit warriors a psychological edge in combat.

In the 19th century British traders began to take up the trade, and finally Americans became dominant in the Pacific fur trade after Russia sold Alaska to the United States in 1867. Armor crafting from Chinese coins continued well into the late 19th century, being further bolstered by Chinese immigration to the west coast in the mid 1800s with the California gold rush. Today the Tlingit still produce beautiful knives, swords, and suits of armor, keeping alive a tradition which their forefathers had done before them.

Tlingit dagger, Pacific Northwest, 19th centur…

Tlingit dagger, Pacific Northwest, 19th century.

from The Minneapolis Institute of Art

Remington Rolling Block saddle ring carbine wi…

Remington Rolling Block saddle ring carbine with Native American tack and leather decor, circa 1870′s.

from Heritage Auctions

collectorsweekly: Lantern slides of Blackfeet …

collectorsweekly:

Lantern slides of Blackfeet tipis in Montana, taken by photographer Walter McClintock between 1896 and 1914. (Via Slate’s Vault)

Dakota (Sioux) rawhide pistol holster with bea…

Dakota (Sioux) rawhide pistol holster with beaded decor, 1863.

from The Royal Ontario Museum

Armor made from walrus hid and Chinese coins w…

Armor made from walrus hid and Chinese coins with wooden helmet, from the Tlingit people of the Pacific Northwest, 19th century.

Buffalo horn club, Native American (Northern P…

Buffalo horn club, Native American (Northern Plains), circa 1880.

from The Royal Ontario Museum

Native American ball headed club, mid 19th cen…

Native American ball headed club, mid 19th century.

from The Royal Ontario Museum

From Yosemite to Bears Ears, Erasing Native Am…

From Yosemite to Bears Ears, Erasing Native Americans From U.S. National Parks