Category: khanda

A little assemblage of Indian weapons that could have been used in the war of 1857-8, including an HEIC percussion musket as used by many Indian sepoys, two hide dhal (shields) and a basket hilted firanghi sword (probably circa 1800 in origin, but they were still shown in use in the 1850s).


Colonel Probyn and the Officers of the 11th Bengal Cavalry, 1863

This photo illustrates the great diversity in uniforms that could be found in any given cavalry regiment in Indian following the Mutiny in 1857-58. This diversity extends to the swords used by the officers and men. We can see the three-bar hilt of a Pattern 1821 Light Cavalry Sword, a “Hindu basket hilt” of a khanda or firangi, “mameluke” hilts, non-regulation “Scinde Horse” pattern hilts (scroll hilts), and hilts that are very similar to Pattern 1796 Cavalry Swords.

Indian Sword Blade Types:

A very useful guide from Matthew Forde of Forde Military Antques and antique_steel on Instagram.

Gold decorated khanda, India, late 18th or early 19th century.

from Olympia Auctions

Indian Khanda, 20th Century

With broad bright blade double-edged at the point of flattened diamond section, chiselled in low relief over nearly its entire length along one side with a cavalcade in a landscape processioning to a tiger hunt, and along the other taking part in and returning from the hunt, the forte on both sides chiselled with a pair of gold-damascened tigers, a pair of smaller elephant above, the back of the blade gold-damascened and pierced with a series of rectangular slots containing numerous free-running steel balls known as ‘The tears of Allah’, characteristic hilt of finely watered wootz steel, comprising pointed langets damascened with foliage in two colours of gold and each with finial of pierced arabesques, pierced gold-damascened peacock head quillons, waisted bent-up guard and integral knuckle-guard each with reinforced borders gold-damascened with running arabesques, disc-shaped pommel and stalk-like finial en suite, the latter on a mount pierced with gold-damascened foliage inhabited by pairs of birds, grip covered in black velvet, padded black velvet liner, and in fine condition, in its wooden scabbard covered in purple velvet. 90.5 cm blade.

Indian Khanda, 18th or 19th Century

With bright broad blade fullered along the back and incised with crescent moons and stars on each side towards the forte, steel hilt gold-damascened with flowering foliage overall against a gold ground and comprising hooked quillons with shaped extension over each side of the forte secured by a rivet, waisted bent-up guard with integral knuckle-guard joined to the disc-shaped pommel, the latter with stalk-like finial on a pierced petalled mount centred on a shallow dome, slender textile-covered grip, and later liner, in its wooden scabbard covered in blue velvet (plush worn off, minor damage) with later silver chape. 88 cm blade.

Indian Khanda, 17th Century

Rajasthan, 17th Century, with long straight steel blade, its edges strengthened with steel supports in relief, basket hilt perforated with a band of crescent-shaped motifs, spiked curved pommel. 106 cm long.  

Indian Khanda, 19th Century

Broad 32 inch single edged blade swelling toward the point and molded with central fuller; one side with rectangular panel above the hilt chased with the figure of the Hindu deity Durga, seated on a lotus throne within a gilded pavilion. Gilt brass hilt pierced and chased with florals and scrollwork, the broad knucklebow with animal head finial, the interior of the guard with crimson velour and gold thread liner. Later green velour-lined scabbard.

Indian Khanda, 18th Century

Blade: 90 cm


Indian khanda sword, khanjar dagger, flintlock pistol, and dhal shield.

This heavy and tremendously long Indian firangi sword dates to some time in the 18th century, perhaps earlier. 126 cm-long overall, it is mounted with a whopping 105 cm or 41" long blade, single-edged, composed of pattern folded steel, with a nice damascus-like weave. Blade is still razor- sharp and shows signs of prior cleanings. Two-handed Khanda hilt of steel construction has acquired a beautiful dark patina.