Category: hangers

British Police Cutlass, 19th Century

British Police Cutlass, 19th Century

By Parker Field & Son, London with plain guard and shaped wooden handle in original leather scabbard with belt strap, by John Ireland & Son, stamped DMP 585, approx. 61 cm (24").

Hanger, 18th Century

Hanger, 18th Century

This elegant ‘hanger’ probably dates from the mid-1700s and likely had a naval heritage—shorter swords like this being more effective weapons for fighting in the confined spaces of warships. Bone grips are also associated with service within the famous East India Company.

Two identical stamps can be found on the blade, one on either side, which I haven’t been able to identify. The three fullers suggest a German origin for the blade but overall the design is similar to some of the naval hangers made by the famous Birmingham sword-maker Samuel Harvey. The blade is still relatively sharp and ends in a nice clipped point, an uncommonly found feature. The stirrup-hilt has a more pleasing shape to it than most of its stablemates, being waisted across the crossguard.

victoriansword: British Police Cutlass, c.187…

victoriansword:

British Police Cutlass, c.1870-90

Made by Robert Mole of Birmingham. The blade of this police cutlass (hanger) is incredibly robust, with a spine that is 3/8″ thick until it transitions to a diamond cross-section for the last ¼ of the blade. The blade design is similar to those found on cavalry troopers’ swords after 1853, but shorter and more curved. The hilt has a small spring mechanism that locks the sword into its scabbard to prevent the wearer from being easily disarmed by an adversary.

Police were issued cutlasses when so authorized by superior officers (e.g., for riots, special assignments, etc.) or when on night duty. Some examples are marked to prisons, so guards likely wore them when so authorized. The police cutlass was also used by private citizens and companies (factory guards, railway guards) to protect their property.

Similar cutlasses had been in use since the Georgian period, mostly by the constabulary and night watchmen. The design changed little save for the shape of the knucklebow, which was originally more of a stirrup shape, which later (early Victorian period?) changed to the D-shape guard seen on the example above.

Matt Easton recently posted an excellent two part series on Victorian police weapons. Part two covers police cutlasses.

victoriansword: British Police Cutlass, 19th …

victoriansword:

British Police Cutlass, 19th Century

The Marshall’s Office, Mansion House, London, Official’s Side Arm c. Mid 19th C, the 44.5 cm curved broad blade with single fuller and spear point is unmarked, ribbed black composition hand grip with stirrup shaped hand guard, quillon and back strap, this engraved with ‘Marshall’s Office, Mansion House, London No.5’, together with its black leather brass mounted scabbard.

This is the second cutlass from Mansion House to come to the market this month! 

Mansion House is the home and office of the Lord Mayor of London. The Marshall’s Office may have been associated with the magistrates’ court which was located in Mansion House. I assume that a store of similar swords was kept there for whatever law enforcement officers were present at Mansion House.

English Hanger, Mid-17th Century With curved …

English Hanger, Mid-17th Century

With curved fullered blade double-edged and widening towards the point, cut with a series of notches along the back and incised with waved lines between dots along the back edge on both sides, long ricasso struck twice on each side with a maker’s mark, a crowned recumbent stag (?), hilt comprising lobed rear quillon with small button terminal, side-guard with central double swelling divided by a slender oval and enclosing a pair of short scrolls, knuckle-guard with central feature en suite and secured by a screw to the pommel, the latter with a beaked heart-shaped top and button finial, and natural buckhorn grip with central and basal moulded iron ferrules. 58 cm blade. The bladesmith’s mark appears to be that of Jaspar Bongen [of Solingen].

victoriansword: A Customs or Revenue Service…

victoriansword:

A Customs or Revenue Service Sword

68cm unfullered blade double edged toward the point by Craven, stamped and engraved GR, brass hilt with side guard, the knuckle bow engraved Pleiad, ribbon iron grip, in its black painted steel scabbard with engraved brass mounts, the locket with frog stud.

FOOTNOTES

It is presumed that Pleiad is the name of a ship.

victoriansword: British Hanger/Short Sword fo…

victoriansword:

British Hanger/Short Sword for the Chelmsford Night Watch, 1799

D-Guard brass type handle is covered with shark skin, unfortunately the wire wrap has long been missing. The blade is actually in very fine condition with the exception of few areas of some very light old pitting. Nice markings on the blade read GILLS WARRANTED 1799 on one side and CHELMSFORD NIGHT WATCH on the other side. Overall length measures 27 ½ inches, blade alone 22 ¼ inches.

British Police Cutlass, 19th Century The Mars…

British Police Cutlass, 19th Century

The Marshall’s Office, Mansion House, London, Official’s Side Arm c. Mid 19th C, the 44.5 cm curved broad blade with single fuller and spear point is unmarked, ribbed black composition hand grip with stirrup shaped hand guard, quillon and back strap, this engraved with ‘Marshall’s Office, Mansion House, London No.5’, together with its black leather brass mounted scabbard.

This is the second cutlass from Mansion House to come to the market this month! 

Mansion House is the home and office of the Lord Mayor of London. The Marshall’s Office may have been associated with the magistrates’ court which was located in Mansion House. I assume that a store of similar swords was kept there for whatever law enforcement officers were present at Mansion House.

Regular

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Pile-O-Swords 2: The Piling

British Police Cutlass, 19th CenturyThe backst…

British Police Cutlass, 19th Century

The backstrap is engraved “Marshall’s Office Mansion House London No.15″. 

46 cm long.

Mansion House is the home and office of the Lord Mayor of London. The Marshall’s Office may have been associated with the magistrates’ court which was located in Mansion House. I assume that a store of similar swords was kept there for whatever law enforcement officers were present at Mansion House.