A mid-Victorian naval cutlass with less common straight double-edged blade. There is a visible proof/approval stamp on the ricasso, but the precise date and model of this type of cutlass is unclear. The hilt is the 1845 pattern, but that pattern usually has a 29 inch single-edged and slightly curved blade. This 29 inch blade is straight and double-edged.
British Pattern 1845 Infantry Officer’s Sword for New South Wales Military Forces, c.1870
Pattern 1845 Infantry Officer’s sword and scabbard. The hilt has a brass half basket three bar guard with the cartouche badge of New South Wales. The grip is fishskin bound with copper wire and there is a gold with red stripes sword knot attached to the guard. The thin levee style, slightly curved blade has a single fuller to each side to within eleven inches of the spear point and is etched for half the length on both sides with a floral design. In the centre right on the blade is the coat of arms of New South Wales and on the left centre is a crown over the VR cypher. The ricasso is marked E THURKLE MAKER SOHO LONDON. The brass scabbard has two loose hanger rings on bands at 2 and 10.5 inches from the throat. The remains of a hanger strap is attached to the top ring.
This sword is a levee style and was more than likely used by Major (later Colonel) Bartlett when he was adjutant to the Third Australian Regiment in the 1890’s.
Why an Obsolete Sword Design from 1845 was Reintroduced in 1915
This is a model 1845/55 French infantry officers sabre. It was produced in chatellerault in 1915.
Officially, the 1845/55 pattern was replaced by the 1882 pattern. However due to the war, the French decided to start producing the 45’s again as they already had tooling for that. As a result, some 30,000 of these were made during WWI.
The hilt is gilt Arco, an alloy of copper, charcoal and zinc, potentially also tin. It has a distinctive reddish appearance under the gilding. The 1882 used a “German silver” alloy for the guard – also a copper alloy.
The blade is plain steel (without a nickel coating) – unlike the 1882 which is nickel coated.
It features one broad fuller and one narrow fuller on each side. The 1882 has offset fullers.
This one is in need of a cleanup to get rid of the active rust on the hilt and scabbard. It is rare for a sword to come with its belt and suspension. The blade is 83 cm, and is the older Pattern 1845 cut and thrust blade. It is likely that this sword began its life with either a brass Pattern 1822 or 1845 Infantry Officer’s Sword hilt or a Pattern 1857 Engineer’s Officer’s Sword hilt. There is a strong possibility that this is a Royal Engineers officer’s sword because they were not compelled to switch to the new pattern hilt until 1898 (which at that point was the P1897), while infantry officers were required to change to the new P1895 hilt in 1895.
A Victorian infantry officer’s sword (1845 pattern) dating to c.1845-1860 and having been service sharpened for active service. The gilt brass guard with folding drop section and having the original leather lining still intact. The blade of regulation 82.5cm length, with single fuller and good quality etching, with VR monogram, the ricasso marked to outfitter Murray & Co of Exeter. Shagreen grip with copper grip wire all intact. Housed in the leather scabbard with brass fittings.
British Pattern 1845 Infantry Officer’s Sword with a Steel Scabbard Made in the Style of a Leather Scabbard
An  Pattern Infantry Officer’s Sword by Henry Wilkinson Serial No. 5016, the 82 cm blade with single fuller is etched with crowned VR cypher and panels of scrolling foliage, pierced brass metal hand guard incorporating crowned VR cypher, wire bound fish skin grip, together with its steel scabbard this mounted with three ornate gilt brass chapes.